The fungal infection cases have been on a constant rise in India, and healthcare system is struggling hard to zero in on the actual cause of this yet another deadly infection. First it was black fungus, then was white fungus but now, there are a few patient cases where even yellow fungus has been observed. Called as Mycormycosis, this infection is on a rise, let us understand what does it mean, the initial symptoms and do experts have to say about it…
What Is Mucormycosis?
“We are seeing an increasing trend in this infection,” says Dr. Amol Patil, Senior E&T Consultant, Nanavati Max Super Specialty Hospital. He says that this is a fungal infection that goes inside your nose, nasal cavity from the soil. So, as you inhale this fungus, it goes and gets deposited in the sinuses. In certain high risk patients, it grows and can give rise to variety of symptoms. The earliest symptoms could be numbness in the cheek area, and loss of sensation in this area. “Don’t ignore these symptoms as early diagnosis can help sure this infection”, sums Dr. Patil.
According to a Reuters article, COVID-19 has been associated with a wide range of secondary bacterial and fungal infections, but there is a possibility that India’s second wave of COVID-19 has created a perfect environment for mucormycosis. Low oxygen, diabetes, high iron levels, immuno-suppression, coupled with several other factors including prolonged hospitalization with mechanical ventilators, creates an ideal milieu for contracting mucormycosis, researchers wrote in the journal Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.
Preventive Measures at Home
All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) Director Randeep Guleria has listed three important factors to prevent the “black fungus” outbreak.
“We have to see at prevention of this outbreak,” Guleria said, adding the three factors that are very important. “Good control of blood sugar levels, those on steroids must monitor blood sugar levels regularly, and be careful about when to give steroids and their dosage,” the AIIMS Director said during a press briefing.
Wearing masks is compulsory. Fungal spores found in air can easily enter the body through the nose. This makes masking up doubly important, in preventing infection. People who work at or visit construction sites should specifically pay attention to this.